Arthritis and tendonitis are two distinct conditions that can affect the hand and wrist. Although these conditions are not the same, it is possible to have both conditions at the same time.
What Is Arthritis?
Arthritis occurs when joints become inflamed, leading to pain, swelling, and stiffness. Small joint arthritis is common in the hands and wrists, making it difficult to move your fingers or grasp objects properly. Arthritis in the hands and wrists can be the result of osteoarthritis, which is related to the normal wear and tear joints experience over time, or rheumatoid arthritis, which is an autoimmune condition that attacks the joints.
What is Tendonitis?
Another common cause of wrist pain and hand pain is tendonitis. Tendonitis occurs when a tendon, which is a thick cord of tissue that attaches muscle to bone, becomes inflamed or irritated. If you have tendonitis, you may notice pain and tenderness, especially when you try to move the affected area. You may also notice swelling.
Hand Treatment for Arthritis and Tendonitis
If you have either of these conditions in your hand, you may need hand treatment. The exact treatment recommended will depend on whether you have arthritis or tendonitis, as well as the specifics of your condition and your treatment goals. Treatment options for both tendonitis and arthritis include medications, injections, splinting of the affected area and surgical procedures. You may also benefit from modifying your activities to avoid irritating the area.
The type of surgical approaches used depends on the condition. For tendonitis, the surgeon usually performs "tendon release" to relieve the pressure in the area. For arthritis, surgical options include joint freezing and joint replacement.
To learn more about these conditions or their treatment options, please contact Florida Hand Center to schedule an appointment with a specialist.