Tenosynovitis refers to the inflammation of the synovium, which is the protective covering over the tendons between joints. When inflamed, the synovium stops producing a fluid that lubricates the tendon. Tenosynovitis may cause severe pain, limited movement in your hands and the development of additional problems with your hands. While you may not feel a visit to the hand surgeon is necessary, you need to know a few things about how dangerous tenosynovitis can become.
What Causes Tenosynovitis?
Tenosynovitis is routinely caused by repetitive hand and finger motions. This is similar to the development of carpal tunnel syndrome. However, tenosynovitis may be caused by other factors, reports Healthline, which include the following:
- Rheumatoid arthritis.
- Sudden sprains or strains to the joint.
- Diabetes and metabolic conditions.
- Infections from a cut or puncture to the tendon.
Since tenosynovitis often appears as a complication of a primary condition, it is essential the originating condition is treated first.
Is Hand Surgery Necessary to Treat Tenosynovitis?
Surgery is a last resort to treat tenosynovitis. However, cuts or punctures to the tendon that result in tenosynovitis may require immediate hand surgery, explains MedlinePlus. For example, bacteria can grow rapidly when a puncture wound is present, and pus may build in the joint. As a result, hand surgeons may to remove the pus-pocket to prevent rupturing, which would otherwise cause septicemia (blood poisoning).
How Long Does Recovery From Tenosynovitis Take?
Recovery from tenosynovitis is usually successful after a few weeks of treatment. The length of treatment depends on what caused the condition to develop. If hand surgery was required, the recovery time may be several additional weeks of therapy after the initial healing of the surgical site.
Recovery from tenosynovitis can also take longer if repetitive motions are required or part of a person’s career. In other words, the risk of developing the condition again in the future after an initial onset increases with each occurrence. Furthermore, recurring tenosynovitis may result in permanent injury to the tendon, so caution must be taken when returning to work, school or hobbies in the weeks after treatment.
Tenosynovitis is not a life-threatening condition, but it is life-changing. You have to learn how to care for your wrists more carefully after you have received treatment for it. If you suspect you may have had or may be developing tenosynovitis, schedule a consultation with a hand surgeon at the Florida Hand Center today.